Who Counts as Asian? Hapa and SAO Discuss


Editor’s note: This article was initially published in The Daily Gazette, Swarthmore’s online, daily newspaper founded in Fall 1996. As of Fall 2018, the DG has merged with The Phoenix. See the about page to read more about the DG.

On Friday, March 18, Hapa, a club for Asians of mixed heritage, and SAO (Swarthmore Asian Organization) collaborated to host a teahouse discussion about who gets to be Asian. Many Asian groups on this campus feel that inclusivity is an important topic to discuss. Some people who do not identify as East Asian do not feel included in SAO, which is supposed to be the umbrella group for all Asians at Swarthmore.

“I was interested in having this teahouse because I think one of the biggest problems with a lot of Asian groups on campus or Asian communities is that they become very homogeneous,” Charlotte Iwasaki ‘18 said. “A lot of people don’t feel included in them necessarily.”

According to Hapa, there are many reasons why some people don’t feel included in Asian groups or Asian communities.

“I feel that I am not included for a variety of reasons,” Iwasaki said. “Some of those reasons can be because I’m mixed, I don’t speak an Asian language, or a generational thing—I don’t have very much connection to my home country, Japan.”

Another factor that influences inclusion is appearance.

“I hear other people say that not appearing Asian and not having that certain set of facial features means other Asian people can see you as not belonging,” Dominic Sonkowsky ‘18 said. “You don’t get to participate in that part of your culture.”

The hosts from Hapa, Emma Lewis ‘18, Iwasaki, and Sonkowsky, thought it was important to have a discussion about hapa people’s place in the wider Asian community because this topic is generally not talked about.

“A lot of people who aren’t hapa don’t think about hapa issues,” Lewis said.

Iwasaki presented another reason why this teahouse was hosted.

“I think it would be a good idea for the Asian community as a whole to have a constructive discussion about identity issues so we can recognize that a lot of times, the Asian communities that we see are subsets,” Iwasaki said. “There a lot of people that aren’t represented in that group.”

The attendees of the teahouse broke into small groups after introductions so discussions could be more personal and intimate. The hosts gave each group a list of discussion questions to respond to. During the small group discussions, “there was a good range of learning and bringing things to the table,” Lewis said.

Others who attended this teahouse also thought the discussions were successful.

I’ve always enjoyed the cozy atmosphere of SAO teahouses and I felt that breaking into smaller groups after introductions was conducive to conversation,” Shinae Yoon ‘16 said.

Many people decided to attend this teahouse because they were interested in the topic of inclusivity and how it affected them or the Asian community.

“I was also interested in engaging with the question [“Who Gets to Be Asian?”] posed by Hapa and SAO,” Yoon said.

Other people, such as former SAO president Oscar Chen ‘16 wanted to see whether SAO is evolving to be more inclusive and less dominated by East Asians.

“As a Senior, I wanted to see how SAO has evolved and changed and see where the temperature of discussion is,” Chen said. “SAO has often been guilty of not being inclusive of multiple Asian identities. Instead of saying we need to be more inclusive, we can build bridges, which is something new I have noticed.

One goal of this teahouse was to ignite discussion about inclusivity into the wider Asian community for those who feel excluded.

“We can hopefully improve inclusivity in the Asian community, get more people involved, hear more people’s voices, and make the communities more comfortable for other people,” Iwasaki said.

Another goal of the teahouse was to address the issue of identifying with the term “Asian.”

“Being Asian is self-identity,” said Iwasaki.

However, Sonkowsky said, not everyone can self-identify as Asian.

“Someone who doesn’t have that background at all, however that is defined, can’t just step in and pick and choose what parts of being Asian they want without going through all the struggles as well,” Sonkowsky said.

Chen echoed this statement, adding that the label “Asian” is supposed to be an umbrella term, but that it fails to include all groups, especially South Asians and Southeast Asians.

“I think Asian as a category is almost a laughable idea to me because it is so broad. It can technically, but not in practice, include everybody,” Chen said. “When you have an idea that is supposed to include everybody but doesn’t, that leaves those that are supposed to fit in feeling very disconnected from any sort of collective identity.”

The teahouse was intended to begin a discussion on inclusivity. Organizers said there is still more work to be done.

“I think that it might be useful to focus the inclusivity topic in more specific areas,” Iwasaki said.

Iwasaki and Chen suggested that SAO collaborate with Deishi to talk about where South and Southeast Asians fit in in groups dominated by East Asians.

Hapa hope to counteract what they perceive as a lack of education on hapa topics by hosting more events.

“Engagement with the wider Asian community is important [for Hapa],” Sonkowsky said.

According to Lewis, Hapa plans to address interracial marriages next.

“We were thinking of having a screening of Seeking Asian Female, which is a movie that talks about interracial dating as it concerns the Asian American community,” said Lewis.

This is especially important to Hapa because many of its members are byproducts of such relationships.

Featured image courtesy of SAO/Hapa.

David Chan

David, some know him by his nickname DJ, is a sophomore from the Bay Area. He has plans to major in film and media studies and to minor in English Literature. He enjoys swimming and traveling to different places. Because fall is the season when new and returning TV shows premiere, he will spend a lot of his free time during fall semester watching all of his favorite shows, which include American Horror Story, Scream Queens, and How to Get Away with Murder.

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