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Dance students encounter obstacles accessing physical therapy

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Dance students at Swarthmore have access to physical therapy on campus to help treat injuries. However, there has been no direct, convenient way for students training in dance classes at the college to see a physical therapist, particularly one who has experience treating dance injuries.

Gabriella Small ’19, a non-major student in the department, sustained an upper back injury from overuse in a ballet class during the spring semester of her freshman year.

It got to the point where I couldn’t take a full breath without really sharp pain or lie down on my back,” Small said. “Over spring break of my freshman year, I went home to see my physical therapist who works with dancers, and she showed my mom how you could see the [rib] bone. It was a dislocated rib that was twisted and sticking out of my back, it was kind of gross.”

According to Small, the lack of a convenient option on campus prevented her from treating her injury early on and further exacerbated her dislocated rib.

“I didn’t see anyone before spring break because there wasn’t an easy way to quickly go and talk to somebody about a twinge in my back before it got really out of hand,” Small said. “[My PT] did some manipulations over spring break to try to put my rib back in place, but the problem is that I let it go on for months so the muscles had gotten used to it being rotated out, so pushing it back in at one session didn’t work.”

Small returned to campus with the injury and, after seeing a doctor at Worth Health Center, was given a prescription for physical therapy with the Sports Medicine Office. However, because the injury was mainly found in dancers, the PT at the college was unfamiliar with it and recommended other exercises instead of the same treatment Small’s PT at home provided.

“I needed to see someone who knew about it and did some research on my own and found the closest PT,” Small said. “I had to bike a mile and a half there once a week or so for a couple weeks because they were able to do the manipulations I needed to put my rib back in place.”

According to Olivia Sabee, assistant professor and interim director of dance, while access to physical therapy on campus is both possible and beneficial to dance students, dancers have not been able to make total use of physical therapy.

“I haven’t seen students accessing physical therapy as much as they should,” Professor Sabee wrote in an e-mail to the Phoenix. “[One student] received PT while at home but didn’t continue upon returning to campus. [This] student, who has a chronic injury, would have benefitted from continuing to receive treatment upon returning to campus.”

According to Amelia Estrada ’17, an honors dance major who also worked closely with the Sports Medicine Office to pursue an interest in sports medicine, access to a PT is incredibly important especially for dancers training a rigorous amount.

“I spent about 90 percent of my time dancing, especially in my last two years, and I definitely did sustain injuries while I was in school specifically from dance,” Estrada said. “I think there should be some understanding that dancers who are taking more than one class a week should have access to a PT or at least resources.”

According to Marie Mancini, director of sports medicine, the athletic trainers work under the supervision of an orthopedic surgeon who sets the parameters of their practice within the limits of their licenses.

“Who we are allowed to treat as athletic trainers is governed by our state and national licenses,” Mancini wrote in an e-mail to the Phoenix. “We are hired by the college to care for intercollegiate athletes and club sports participants. We will see non-athletes on a referral from a physician with a working diagnosis and a prescription for therapy on a space available basis.”

While dancers can be treated by the physical trainers on campus, they are not a top priority since the athletic trainers are contracted to treat athletes involved in sports on campus. However, for dancers, being seen by a physical trainer is not always the best option, since dancers utilize their bodies in such a specific way that physical therapy treatment sometimes needs to be distinct from typical sports medicine.

“ I’m not quite sure how familiar PTs on campus are with dance-related injuries, but I feel like that is a common problem dancers have,” Chandra Moss-Thorne, associate in performance, said. “I went to my insurance PT and asked for dance-related physical therapy in particular and they didn’t know what I was talking about.”

Estrada also believes that it is not just the accessibility of physical therapy resources that is important, but rather the access to physical therapists who have experience treating dancers.

“I was having issues with my foot and Worth gave me a recommendation to go see a podiatrist [outside of the college] who ended up making my injury worse because he didn’t understand dancers,” Estrada said. “It didn’t occur to me to look for someone who specifically works with dancers even though dance medicine is a very different beast.”

Small has also experienced frustration when seeking medical help from professionals at Worth who did not have experience working with dancers. She also would like to see a way for dancers to seek help early on before injuries become worse.

“I saw the doctor [at Worth], and she said it was just a pulled muscle, which I knew it wasn’t,” Small said. “Right now, there’s not a way to get seen sooner. If I had gotten to see somebody, it wouldn’t have gotten as bad as it did, and it wouldn’t have taken three months to heal— it would’ve taken a week.”

Barrett Powell ’18 experienced an injury his junior year and was recovering while also enrolled in a dance class. He also feels that he would have benefited from seeing a PT who was familiar with dancers.

“I didn’t necessarily feel hampered by not having a PT easily available since you heal when you heal, but I would’ve appreciated having a PT person who I know is familiar with dance and injuries associated with dance,” Powell said. “From a certain perspective, there are many people who do athletic things on campus, and some of those things are sports and some are performance arts. I understand why physical therapy has historically been easily available to sports, but resources should be available to both.”

While Sabee believes that it is not feasible for the college to hire a physical therapist for dancers specifically, she is a proponent for early, easy-access treatment for injuries so that dancers can get treated before injuries become severe.

“Our program is too small and it would be too cost-prohibitive (not to mention that we don’t have the facilities for it) to hire a staff physical therapist,” Professor Sabee wrote. “One potential solution could be to offer a periodic Dance or Performing Arts Medicine Clinic, but we still need to do more research into what is feasible. A clinic like this might help students get help before their problems become chronic.”

According to Estrada, having a specialist or even a list of resources available to students would allow for dancers to seek the treatment they need.

“I really do think that for some students, it is necessary to have a dance medicine specialist available,” Estrada said. “I understand the confines of the [college] setting, but I don’t think it’s out of the question to find a research page of local people who can be contacted when you are injured who understand dancers or even contracting someone to come to college once a month and work with dancers.”

Outside of referring students to Worth to receive treatment, the dance department is working to develop more programs to help dancers build strength and flexibility so as to prevent injuries in the first place.

While they cannot replace appropriate medical care and physical therapy, two critical elements of injury-prevention are cross-training and developing a better knowledge of your body and its alignment,” Professor Sabee wrote. “Cross-training is especially important for those students who have come out of pre-professional training programs and who are used to dancing upwards of 20 hours per week. There are ways for these students to continue to maintain their technique and dance smarter while spending comparatively fewer hours in the studio, but these are also the students most at risk of injury if they aren’t able to take the time to maintain their bodies.”

While the department of music and dance has courses like yoga and will be offering pilates in fall 2018 to help dancers prevent injury, the lack of a convenient and immediate way to access to physical therapy that understands dancers has made it difficult for students to maintain their physical health.

I think that it’s extremely important for dancers to know that they can see a PT on campus and the protocol to go through it because that is better than nothing,” Moss-Thorne said. “I also hope that dancers know to take advantage of the other class offerings that we have here because cross-training is key.”

However, the experiences of dancers working through both acute and chronic injuries have raised an awareness of the need for more direct access to resources ranging from ice to a trained medical professional who has experience working with dancers.

“I know that we are working on getting an ice machine so that we have one in close proximity. Our ultimate intention is to model after other schools by bringing in a dance PT on campus to have preventative talks teaching different exercises and having appointments,” Moss-Thorne said. “This is a priority, and we definitely see a need for it.”

Athlete of the Week: Marin McCoy ’19

in Athlete of the Week/Sports by

This past week, Junior Women’s Soccer player Marin McCoy won her third Centennial Conference Player of the Week award after scoring seven points in the Garnet’s two games. She set the program’s record for career points on Wednesday in a loss to Arcadia and tied the program record for goals in a win against Franklin and Marshall. She has 13 goals and nine assists this year. The Garnet have a rivalry matchup this Saturday against Johns Hopkins at 4 p.m.

Jack Corkery: What is your major, and what made you want to pursue it?

Marin McCoy: I am a biology major and have always really enjoyed learning about the way things work. I particularly enjoy learning about how the body works and understanding the various biological adaptations that animals have made over time to survive in their environments. While I enjoy all these aspects about biology, including the intimate relationship with the natural world, I find incorporating social justice into biological studies most compelling. If public health was a major option at Swarthmore, I would love to learn about how science can be used to stop injustices, systematic racism, and discrimination in our society.

JC: What appealed to you about Swarthmore when you were in the recruiting process?

MM: I really liked Swarthmore because it seemed to put a greater emphasis on academics than athletics. I wanted to be able to take advantage of all the things a liberal arts college has to offer, with soccer also being a part of my life. I really liked the emphasis Swarthmore put on social justice and I wanted to meet weird and quirky people.

JC: How did you feel when you set the school points record?

MM: I guess when I found out I was a little embarrassed. While I am sure my ego benefits from the limelight, sometimes I feel like it is unfair that forwards (those often scoring and assisting) get so much more attention over the midfielders and defenders. This record is without a doubt a testament to the opportunities that those teammates have created for me to finish. I am really proud of our team for creating so many scoring opportunities (53 shots in our last game!).

JC: You have a unique background not playing club soccer in high school, unlike most of your teammates, and you were also a three sport athlete in high school. How do you think your unique background prepared you for collegiate success?

MM: I think I avoided playing club soccer in high school for my own sanity. I was already beginning to get burned out of soccer, and I don’t think I would have been in the right place had I continued playing. I think having access to three different sports and all the coaches and teammates that came along with that really helped my enjoyment of the sport and the various aspects of different types of games. I also think that playing different sports might have given me a better field awareness, and it has possibly helped me better understand the sport from an analytical point of view.

JC: The team looks really good this year. What will the biggest key for success be going forward in the season?

MM: I think the key to success this season is continuing to play together as a team. When we play as a unit we are really, really hard to beat (and it’s super fun). I also think that when we score early, we are able to settle into our style of play, and if we can consistently do this we will have a lot more success.

JC: Do you have any goals, personal or team, for the rest of the season?

MM: Our team decided this season that we were going to focus on being present. This means that we don’t look up other teams, and we focus on playing our game regardless of the opponent. Personally, my goal this season has been to not regret the amount of effort I have put forth. It can be really hard to score goals while putting extra pressure on yourself. Instead, I try to focus on giving as much effort as possible and hope that this will help the team succeed.


A beginner’s guide to the NBA Playoffs

in Columns/Sports by

Did you miss most of the first round playoff games because you were scrambling to finish all of your projects/papers before classes end? Were you not paying attention to the regular season but now that classes are ending, you want to watch the playoffs? Are you not really that into the NBA but for whatever reason, want to be able to hold conversation about professional basketball with someone? If any of these describe you, then this guide is exactly what you need to get yourself up to date with everything going on in the NBA.


Background (skip this if you already know how the playoffs work)

The NBA playoffs is a 16-team, 4-round tournament, although it really functions as a combination of two separate 8-team, 3-round Conference playoffs. For each Conference (Eastern and Western) the teams are seeded according to their Conference standings. Each matchup, in every round, is best of seven, so the first team to win four games advances. The winners of the third rounds are the champions of their respective Conferences and compete in the Finals.


What’s going on in the Eastern Conference?

The Cleveland Cavaliers, who won the NBA playoffs last year, were leading the Eastern Conference for most of regular season play, but slipped behind the Boston Celtics following a drop in defensive caliber after the All-Star break. That being said, after losing their last four regular season games, the Cavs turned around to win their first four postseason games, sweeping the Indiana Pacers. Their opponent in the Conference semifinals will likely be the Toronto Raptors. Although, so far, the Raptors have stumbled in this year’s playoffs and the Milwaukee Bucks, especially Giannis Antetokounmpo, have put on a strong showing, the odds of the Bucks doing well enough to take the series are slim. The Raptors’ regular season performance was too strong and the Bucks are too young for the Bucks to have a good chance of winning both of the next two games.

The other two Conference semifinal spots will likely be occupied by the Celtics and the Washington Wizards. Led by point guard John Wall, the Wizards seemed a sure pick to advance prior to the beginning of the playoffs, but the Atlanta Hawks, especially Dennis Schröder and Paul Millsap, have put up a solid fight. If the Hawks can maintain an offensive power throughout the playoffs, which was notably inconsistent in the regular season, they have a chance at eliminating the Wizards. The Celtics actually lost their first two games to the Chicago Bulls, which hinted at an upset until Bulls point guard Rajon Rondo fractured his thumb and tore a ligament in his wrist in Game 2. Although the Bulls’ Jimmy Butler has fought hard against the Celtics’ Isaiah Thomas, the Bulls dropped two games and will probably drop two more.

The Eastern Conference Finals are pretty up in the air. The Celtics would probably come out on top against the Hawks or the Wizards, although if the Wizards pull through, they certainly have a solid shot at knocking out the Celtics. The two teams developed over the last couple seasons and are 2-2 in regular play this year. Cavs-Raptors also has a chance at going the other way. If both teams play like they were playing at the end of the regular season, the Raptors will take the W, but if Lebron James performs like he has been during the playoffs, they don’t have a chance.

The Eastern Conference Champion will pretty definitely be either the Raptors or the Cavs, whichever makes it to the finals. Although Wall and Bradley Beal for the Wizards and Thomas for the Celtics have proven themselves to be powerful players that can lead a team into the playoffs, none of these individuals are Lebron James and none of these teams have the full-roster strength of the Raptors.


What’s going on in the Western Conference?

Compared to the Eastern Conference, the Western Conference is significantly easier to forecast. The Golden State Warriors already swept the Portland Trailblazers and will most probably be Conference champions. The Warriors will likely face the Utah Jazz in the Conference semifinals. The LA Clippers looked like a sure bet to beat the Jazz, but with their top scorer Blake Griffin being injured in Game 3 and out for the rest of the playoffs, it seems very unlikely they’ll be able to pull through.

The Houston Rockets have also qualified for Conference semifinals, beating out the Oklahoma City Thunder 4-1. Rockets point guard James Harden and Thunder point guard Russell Westbrook were the two most buzzed about MVP candidates, so the clear playoffs win has settled some debates about the relative merits of the two teams, although the Rockets’ win was largely due to the caliber of their non-Harden players. The Rockets will be playing against the San Antonio Spurs, unless Kawhi Leonard is struck by lightning. Although the Memphis Grizzlies were able to notch 2 wins thanks to Mike Conley and some lackluster performance from the non-Leonard Spurs, the Spurs are not only the second best team in the West, but the second best team in the league and, barring divine intervention, should progress to the semifinals.

In the Conference semifinals, the Warriors will beat the Jazz. The Warriors are still the best team in the NBA and could probably beat the Jazz even if Stephen Curry slept through the first four games. The Spurs-Rockets game probably goes to the Spurs, although there is some uncertainty here. The Spurs are normally team that plays well as a team, with the added bonus of having the most dominant full-court player in the NBA as a small forward (Leonard) while the Rockets have been carried throughout the season by a superstar performance from Harden. However, so far in the playoffs, the non-Leonard Spurs have stumbled and non-Harden Rockets have leapt to the challenge. If this role-reversal continues through their matchup, the Rockets have a chance at making it to the Conference finals.

As with most games they play, the Warriors are a pretty safe bet to win the finals. There is a single scenario where the Warriors don’t make it to the finals: the Spurs get their shit together and go on a rampage. The Warriors would be able to handle the Rockets, but if there’s one team that can take the Warriors it’s the Spurs. If the Warriors slip up, which they may, with Head Coach Steve Kerr out of commision due to health issues, a peak Spurs team would be the perfect team to punish them for their slip ups. Still, the Warrior are probably going to take this one.


Who’s going to win it all?

Almost definitely the Warriors. Although the Warriors somehow lost the 2016 NBA Finals to the Cavaliers after a regular season in which they won the most games in the NBA in a single season, this year it looks like they’ll actually take the W. The Cavs’ comeback from a 3-1 deficit in the Finals was a first for the NBA, and really only possible due to a combination of factors, including the Game 5 suspension of defensive force Draymond Green and the heroic efforts of LeBron James. Although Curry isn’t shooting as well as he did last year, and James was playing better in the regular season than he did last year, there’s very little chance of a replication of last year’s Finals. Even if we assume James will play at the Herculean levels he’s shown he can play during the playoffs, the Warriors’ absurd acquisition of additional superstar Kevin Durant and the rest of the Cavs various struggles make the odds of a repeat minute. The Warriors also beat the Raptors, easily. The team with the second best shot at the title is actually the Spurs. If they’re playing at a level where they beat the Warriors and are able to sustain that, they’d have a lock on a Larry O’Brien Championship Trophy.

The modernization of the pitcher

in Columns/Sports by

One day in the summer of 2015, I found myself on a seemingly endless three hour drive from my home in Washington, DC to Atlantic City, MD. The old pitching hermit my dad said we were meeting to work with awaited at the other side. After the excruciating drive through cornfields, woods, and unpaved roads, we finally arrived at a ramshackle pitching facility in an abandoned warehouse in the woods. Upon meeting the man and paying three hundred dollars for his “advanced arm care program,” I found myself seriously questioning the legitimacy of this man‘s renown baseball tutelage. However, for the next three hours, I found myself undergoing one of the most physically challenging baseball and weight programs I have ever seen. Rejuvenated by the strenuous day and expert refinement, I took on the program as a long-term project to improve my endurance, arm strength, and velocity as a pitcher.

For all of those who are not familiar with baseball, the sport seems to lack much physical ability between standing for large periods of time and the endless flow of sunflower seeds, bubble gum, and Gatorade. However, the athletic ability required throughout the game derives from a far greater technical basis. Particularly at the position of pitcher, quite arguably the most important in the game, the combination of brute strength, endurance, and mental toughness make the prospects of success for the average person quite slim. On top of that, the risk of detrimental injury as a pitcher remains quite high as the constant wear and tear weakens the tendons and muscles in the arm irreparably. Taking a further step past basic arm care, to be more competitive, pitchers constantly seek to improve their arm strength such that they can throw faster — a process that can add even more stress to the developing arm.

Therefore, from Little League to the MLB (Major League Baseball), the never-ending question of how to care for pitchers physically encounters constant scrutiny. At the most basic levels, coaches generally restrain their young pitchers to pitch limits, such that the children can grow and potentially be more successful when games matter more. However, beyond that, the biological facts and baseball folklore constantly intertwine to create a confusing mashup of eclectic training styles, all with varying degrees of success. Unfortunately, for many professionals, the pressure to succeed debilitates their mental preparations, thereby affecting their performance on the field. However, for others, the same strive to succeed leads to cheating whether through performance-enhancing drugs, altered equipment, or some other means. Therefore, this topic widely and dramatically affects the play of the game and the culture of the sport.

Here at Swarthmore, the baseball program generally follows a strict arm care regimen to combat the constant strain undertaken in the rigor of games. The seven-day workout schedule generally consists of only a few days of actual throwing, supplemented with other drills — weighted balls, elastic Jaeger band work, sprinting, hip mobility exercises, and long-distance running among a slew of others. However, on top of these workouts, each pitcher has their own individual style to caring for their arm, ranging from unique throwing drills to holding towels as they throw. The culmination of this has resulted in a relativelyhealthy and successful pitching staff. The general arm care of pitchers at all levels of talent and competition is an extremely important science.

However, just as baseball statistics have expanded in their breadth and analysis, so too has this arm care science modernized to better aid the pitcher. Similar to football’s current issue with concussion technology and minimizing the damage to the brain through the daily rigor of the sport, baseball too must come to terms with its rapidly increasing arm injury problem that takes away the bright futures of so many young pitchers. Simply sitting in a discussion between a trainer with the Philadelphia Phillies organization and the Swarthmore pitching staff, it became quite clear that many pitchers actually had been taught incorrect and potentially harmful methods in the past for strengthening and caring for their arm.

Two young MLB superstar prospects, Baltimore Orioles’ Dylan Bundy and Cleveland Indians’ Trevor Bauer, who played an integral role in their respective teams’ playoff runs last year, both swear by the science of Alan Jaeger (whose elastic band workouts Swarthmore baseball uses extensively). Both pitchers have thrown upwards of 100 miles per hour during certain drills with impressive success, but Bundy has undergone the fated Tommy John surgery, calling into question the legitimacy of their long-distance throwing program. Others swear by modern tactics such as biometrics, as Swarthmore baseball implemented via a University of Pennsylvania initiated science lab, or more old-fashioned lifting and running techniques. Nevertheless, the combination of these large scientific progressions with the individual flair of baseball players everywhere has created a sport far more aware of the injuries and care necessary to be successful in the sport.

However, not only has biomedical progress aided the plight of the modern pitcher, but psychology has made leaps and bounds in the field of high-pressure performance. It is often described of pitchers that they control the game entirely, as their performance sets the tone for the rest of the game. That high intensity, coupled with being the center of attention on each played, can debilitate even the most talented of pitchers with one fell swoop. Recently, former professional pitcher Rick Ankiel published a memoir, in which he admitted to drinking vodka before games to calm the nerves of being the main actor on baseball’s biggest stage. At the same time, it is also rumored that legendary ace, Dock Ellis, even pitched a no-hitter on LSD. On account of all of this mental stress, psychologists now have calming techniques for these pitchers in high-intensity situations that let them slow the game down, focus better, and perform at a far higher level.

All of this scientific empirical evidence just adds to the rhetoric already surrounding the betterment of pitcher performance. In the rapidly modernizing world, the game has sought to keep up with the technology and speed of daily life, and the arm and mental care of pitchers has been just one facet of this initiative. It has enabled pitchers to come more prepared to succeed and stay healthy, and has altered the game for the best. Hopefully at Swarthmore, the bright future scholars we produce will further the progress already made thus far.

Westbrook won’t be MVP but Leonard might

in Columns/Sports by

As the regular season of the NBA draws to a close, talk of potential MVP picks has heated up. Last night’s games concluded the regular season and the playoffs will begin on Saturday. On June 26, the NBA will hold an awards show, announcing the 2016-2017 season MVP, as well as other major awards. Some time between now and then, a large group of North American sportswriters and broadcasters will be sending in ballots with their top five picks for MVP ranked. As the MVP is actually decided by a panel of sports journalists, the buzz that a player has as a potential MVP pick may genuinely affect the votes. Despite this, for some bizarre reason, some patterns in the history of NBA MVP picks seem to suggest that two most buzzed-about candidates actually have the odds stacked against them.

Although the choice for MVP is currently hotly debated, a general consensus has emerged around a top four potential picks: the Houston Rockets’ James Harden, Oklahoma City Thunder’s Russell Westbrook, the San Antonio Spurs’ Kawhi Leonard, and the Cleveland Cavaliers’ Lebron James. Tyler Pasko’s article for the March 23 edition of the Phoenix analyzed the the reasons each of these players is a notable contender for the award. Since then, discussion of potential contenders has condensed around Westbrook and Harden. This seems somewhat natural, they have the highest stats of the four and are also easier to compare to each other than to James or Leonard. Westbrook and Harden are both guards, Westbrook is in his ninth season at 28 while Harden is in his eighth season at 27, and they’ve both put on incredible offensive performances. Westbrook is setting records with an average of 31.9 points per game, 10.4 assists per game, and 10.7 rebounds per game while Harden is following close behind with 29.1 points, 11.2 assists, and 8.1 rebounds. Westbrook is leading the league in points, Harden is leading the league in assists. Supporters of Harden counter Westbrook’s greater average points and rebounds by pointing out that the Rockets have 7 more wins than the Thunder and wins are all that matter because they suggest that Harden’s offense is ultimately more successful. Historical MVP choices indicate that, in fact, wins do matter, but also that neither Harden or Westbrook is actually winning enough to have a good shot at the MVP title.

To test the importance of wins in determining the choice for MVP, we’ve aggregated data on MVP winners since the 1980-1981 season, when the NBA switch from player voting to the current system of a panel of sports journalists. By examining win percentages, instead of raw win numbers we’re able to include the two years with shortened seasons due to lockouts, 1989-1999 and 2011-2012. There are however, a few notable records concerning raw win numbers. Excluding the two lockout seasons, no NBA MVP since 1980-1981 has ever won less than 50 games that season, and there are only two years in which the MVP won fewer than 56 games: Michael Jordan in 1987-1988 and Steve Nash in 2005-2006.

What these records make clear is that Westbrook winning MVP would be as record-breaking as his stats, but not in a good way. No prior MVP has ever been playing on a team doing as poorly as the Thunder. Similarly, due to a post-All-Star-break slump, the Cavs now have a low enough win percentage that the only MVP winner whose team was losing as  much was Jordan’s ‘88 Bulls, while the Rockets, despite a tremendous effort from Harden, have a record very similar to Nash’s ‘06 Suns. The only one of the top four picks who should be an MVP contender, based on past MVP team performance, is Kawhi Leonard.

We can also consult the records of team conference standings as they enter the playoffs to identify trends in the relationship between team performance and MVP selection. As it happens, every team that an MVP was playing for was either first or second in their conference that year, with the single exception of Jordan’s ‘88 Bulls.


Year MVP Team Conference Standing
2015-2016 Stephen Curry Golden State Warriors 1
2014-2015 Stephen Curry Golden State Warriors 1
2013-2014 Kevin Durant Oklahoma City Thunder 2
2012-2013 LeBron James Miami Heat 1
2011-2012 LeBron James Miami Heat 2
2010-2011 Derrick Rose Chicago Bulls 1
2009-2010 LeBron James Cleveland Cavaliers 1
2008-2009 LeBron James Cleveland Cavaliers 1
2007-2008 Kobe Bryant Los Angeles Lakers 1
2006-2007 Dirk Nowitzki Dallas Mavericks 1
2005-2006 Steve Nash Phoenix Suns 2
2004-2005 Steve Nash Phoenix Suns 1
2003-2004 Kevin Garnett Minnesota Timberwolves 1
2002-2003 Tim Duncan San Antonio Spurs 1
2001-2002 Tim Duncan San Antonio Spurs 2
2000-2001 Allen Iverson Philadelphia 76ers 1
1999-2000 Shaquille O’Neal Los Angeles Lakers 1
1998-1999 Karl Malone Utah Jazz 2
1997-1998 Michael Jordan Chicago Bulls 1
1996-1997 Karl Malone Utah Jazz 1
1995-1996 Michael Jordan Chicago Bulls 1
1994-1995 David Robinson San Antonio Spurs 1
1993-1994 Hakeem Olajuwon Houston Rockets 2
1992-1993 Charles Barkley Phoenix Suns 1
1991-1992 Michael Jordan Chicago Bulls 1
1990-1991 Michael Jordan Chicago Bulls 1
1989-1990 Magic Johnson Los Angeles Lakers 1
1988-1989 Magic Johnson Los Angeles Lakers 1
1987-1988 Michael Jordan Chicago Bulls 3
1986-1987 Magic Johnson Los Angeles Lakers 1
1985-1986 Larry Bird Boston Celtics 1
1984-1985 Larry Bird Boston Celtics 1
1983-1984 Larry Bird Boston Celtics 1
1982-1983 Moses Malone Philadelphia 76ers 1
1981-1982 Moses Malone Houston Rockets 2
1980-1981 Julius Erving Philadelphia 76ers 2


If we were to only consider candidates for MVP whose teams are first or second in their conference, Harden and Westbrook would both be eliminated. Given that Westbrook’s relentless triple-doubles have broken NBA records, some may assume that this year could see a break from the pattern of past MVP picks to recognize his truly historic achievements. However, all past NBA picks indicate that this will not happen.

The greatest outlier in the historical data is clearly Jordan in ‘88. This award, was in fact, recognizing a herculean effort; Jordan led the league in both points and assists and ended up winning Defensive Player of the Year in addition to MVP, while managing to win 50 games, earning the Bulls the third spot in their conference. While this may seem encouraging for Westbrook, it is important to note that Westbrook has not been playing like Jordan. In comparison to Jordan’s dominant performances on both sides of the court, Westbrook’s defense has been below average.

Examining Jordan’s 1986-1987 season also yield disappointing precedents for Westbrook. In this season, he became the first person not named Wilt Chamberlain to score over 3,000 points in a single season, while also recording 125 blocks and 236 steals. Despite this, the Bulls only won 40 games and were eighth in the conference and Jordan lost out on MVP to Magic Johnson, which is not promising for Westbrook. In fact, although both Westbrook and Harden are displaying amazing offensive ability this season, neither are comparable to Jordan in ‘88 due to their below average defensive performance. The disparity is evident in the stats: Jordan’s ‘88 performance included the seventh most in steals in a single season, while Harden and Westbrook this year have notched the first and second most turnovers in a single season.

A more hopeful comparison for Harden is Nash’s ‘06 MVP win. Just like Harden, Nash led the season in assists that year. Harden is actually putting up better stats than Nash did that year. Although Nash was shooting better from the line, Harden has almost twice as many rebounds and just over 10 more points per game. Nash didn’t have the best stats of the season; just like Harden, Nash was given credit for adept leadership of a powerful offense beyond what is reflected in his stats. In fact, they’ve both led blistering offenses architected by the same man, Coach Mike D’Antoni. Nash’s MVP wins are still somewhat controversial, however, if he had Harden’s stats, they probably wouldn’t be. One factor that may work against Harden is that in the last 10 years, MVP voters have demonstrated a stronger preference for winning teams, selecting only two MVP’s whose teams did not finish first in their conference.

Although James is averaging more assists and rebounds than he ever has, historical records indicate that his MVP chances are small. His stats are good but worse than Westbrook and Harden, in addition to being worse in many ways than his own past stats. When James won the MVP award in the past, he was scoring more points, putting up better defensive stats, and winning more games. The Cavs’ current win percentage is not only lower than any of James’ win percentages when he won MVP, but lower than all MVP win percentages except Jordan in ‘88.

The one contender boosted by historical evidence is Kawhi Leonard. Although his 25.7 points, 3.5 assists, and 5.8 rebounds per game may seem low in comparison to Westbrook and Harden, they represent significant growth in offensive capability for Leonard, who won Defensive Player of the Year the past two years. Leonard has been able to maintain strong defense while increasing scoring capability making him the one of the best all around players in the league. Although MVP considerations seem to largely revolve around offensive performance, defensive play is certainly a factor, as shown by Jordan’s anomalous ‘88 win. More importantly, perhaps, Leonard is winning. Not only on are the Spurs winning, they’re winning because of Leonard. Leonard ranks fourth in Win Shares, a measure of teams wins contributed by the player, behind Harden, Rudy Gobert, and Jimmy Butler. Leonard’s Player Efficiency Rating, a standardized stat representing per-minute production, is beats out all three of the players who contributed more wins than him. The only player who played more than 40 games to have a higher PER than Leonard is actually Westbrook. These advanced stats go to show despite his lower P/A/R, Leonard’s contributions to his team are absolutely on the level of the other MVP candidates, while winning more games than all of them.

Of course, predicting an MVP pick with greater emphasis on winning games to reflect historic trends also opens up the possibility of Steph Curry picking up his third year MVP in a row. For this reason, many sports journalists have been including Curry as a fifth potential MVP candidates and some include the first-in-the-Eastern-Conference Boston Celtics’ Isaiah Thomas as a sixth. However, given that the MVP is chosen by sports journalists, it’s entirely possible that the best indicator for the MVP choice is simply hype and the past trends simply reflect the fact that people are normally more excited about winning teams. If this is true, than the MVP hype train behind Harden may very well carry him to becoming a new outlier point on the MVP team win percentage graph.

A comprehensive analysis of athletes and their majors

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Do all athletes really major in Economics? Conventional wisdom at many Division I schools might lead us to believe that yes, they do. Economics at most colleges and universities is perhaps the most popular major among athletes, with many Division I athletes following traditional business paths. A 2015 study in the Bleacher Report of the “Big Five,” the five power Division 1 Conferences for football (ACC, Big 10, Big 12, SEC, and the Pac-12), found that an overwhelming number of football players participated in business and related majors. Other popular majors included sports administration, communications, and kinesiology and exercise sciences. However, some famous Division I athletes have followed much more non-conventional paths. For example, Dikembe Mutombo, the former NBA star, majored in Linguistics and Diplomacy in his time at Georgetown. Michael Jordan majored in Geography during his time at the University of North Carolina. This is all to say that particularly in the Division I sphere, majors are more often centered around pre-professional tracks: those that create a direct path into a job in finance, sports administration, consulting, or for athletes like Michael Jordan, a side-career in mapmaking!

What is different about the Division III scene, particularly Swarthmore College? Are there discernible differences between a student-athlete at Swarthmore College and their educational experience versus a football player at the University of Michigan? The Phoenix Digital Ops team put together a comprehensive analysis of male and female athletes in the 2015-16 sports season, and their declared majors. We aimed to hypothesize what a top-tier liberal arts education pushes for our student-athletes. Do our athletes follow similar tracks to the ones Division I athletes are on, or does Swarthmore push a different type of academic creativity that transcends the traditional pre-professional tracks?

For the ten varsity male sports in the 2015-16 season, there were 103 declared majors among the juniors and senior classes of each team, which includes double majors. For example, if a Men’s Varsity Tennis athlete double majored in Engineering and Psychology, this would be counted twice in our tally. 26% of male athletes majored in Economics. Men’s Lacrosse had the highest percentage of Economics majors on a single sports team, with 52% of the players having declared Economics majors. The second highest declared major for male athletes was Engineering, at 14.5%. This was followed by political science, computer science, psychology, and math. Majors that were not represented among men’s athletes during the 2015-16 year included Environmental Studies, Greek, German Studies, and Gender and Sexuality Studies (many being regularized special majors).

Ian Cairns ’20 responded to the data compiled by the Phoenix Digital Ops Team, and added his own experiences as an athlete choosing his prospective major.

“I’m from Detroit, Michigan and I’m a member of the Men’s Varsity Soccer team. Currently, I’m an intended Economics major, with an undecided minor. I’m not surprised by the amount of Economics majors on some of the male sports teams. That being said, at a place like Swarthmore, there are a lot of abstract and non-traditional majors that are offered too.”

Cairns went on to comment on the difference between a Swarthmore education and once at a bigger university.

“I would definitely say at Swarthmore, there is encouragement for athletes to go outside the traditional majors. I know at larger institutions, it is common to apply to a certain school within the university for your major. I had a lot of friends who went to the engineering school at the University of Michigan, where the distribution requirements make it much different from a liberal arts school like Swarthmore. That being said, both have their benefits; I don’t really have a bias to either.”

This sentiment reflected by Cairns is largely backed up in the data. Some varsity athletes end up going outside the traditional majors, while many do major in traditional majors like Economics, Biology, Engineering, etc.

For the ten women’s varsity sports in the 2015-16 season, there were 85 declared majors among the junior and senior varsity athletes. Interestingly enough, the data compiled was vastly different in comparison to the male athletes results. The most popular major among female athletes was biology, which accounted for 14% of the declared majors. This was followed by psychology at 11%, political science at 10%, education at 8%, and economics and history at 7%. Majors that were not represented among women’s varsity athletes included cognitive science, and Chinese.

The data shows us that Swarthmore varsity athletes are really not that much different than the average Swarthmore student. The most popular majors across gender were Economics, Engineering, Biology, Psychology, Political Science, Computer Science, and Math. This almost directly mirrors the most popular majors among the Swarthmore student body as a whole. The largest majors discrepancy for athletes versus the student body was Economics, as 18% of athletes majored in Economics, as opposed to 13% for the student body, which isn’t particularly  significant. Is there something about a Swarthmore education that differs from a larger institution? For one, our data shows us that while Swarthmore varsity athletes follow many of the traditional majors that athletes and students across the country declare, there also exists a diversification in the data that we might not necessarily see at a non-liberal arts school. Out of every major in the school, every single one is represented by at least one varsity athlete. From gender studies to economics, a critical analysis of the data reveals that the varsity athletes at this school are just as academically diverse as the rest of the school. While many traditional majors are represented, athletes are declared majors in every single major on campus. It is clear that the stereotype that all athletes are some type of Economics or business major is transcended at Swarthmore. Our academic mission promotes intellectual curiosity and the liberal arts as a tool to discover your passion. Swarthmore varsity athletes and the student body at large embody just that.

Celebrating Our National Pastime’s Opening Day

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Although the Philadelphia Phillies did not get to start Opening Day with a home game on Monday, 12 other teams got to experience the joys of playing with a rowdy and passionate fan base behind them at home for the first day of baseball season. I know players at any level get those butterflies in their stomachs before the first games of their seasons. But not all of us get the pleasure of having thousands of fans on the edge of their seats, with same butterflies, cheering on their teams.

Opening Day is a two-part event with three games on Sunday and 12 on Monday, making for quite a baseball-packed weekend.  Each team will get to play 162 games in their regular season, so the outcome of this one game does not hold a lot of weight in season statistics. However, it is a great opportunity to revitalize the fanbase’s energy and an opportunity for some players to show that this is going to be their year to shine.

In a few shining moments of Sunday and Monday’s games, we got glimpses of greatness from the classic stars like Madison Bumgarner, Mike Trout, Bryce Harper, and Clayton Kershaw. Bumgarner became the second pitcher in history to have multiple home runs on Opening Day. With 16 career home runs, Bumgarner is a player often talked about as a dual threat with pitching and hitting. Even though his batting average (.187) may sometimes fall flat in comparison to position players, among pitchers he still stands as an impressive hitter. Maybe this year he will make an even bigger name for himself.

Then, of course, Mike Trout had to remind us all that he is the best of the best. For some of us, myself included, we have to get the perfect pitch and then rotate into a mechanically stunning swing to even have a shot at a home run, but for others — namely Mike Trout — a mistaken swing can lead to a home run. I guess that’s just how it works when you’re exceptional. As not to be left out, Bryce Harper hit his fifth Opening Day home run, setting high expectations for the season for himself once again.

Opening Day had numerous other home runs and was a pretty packed sequence of  terrific baseball overall, but there was plenty of stellar pitching as well. Bumgarner was just about as good on the mound as he was at the plate, tossing 7 innings while striking out 11.  Another huge name in baseball, Clayton Kershaw, left Dodgers fans with a lot to be excited about this season. In his seventh consecutive Opening Day start, Kershaw came out after seven innings having only given up two hits. Not a bad way to start the season.

Of course, the big names and their successes are not all that matter about Opening Day. In fact, some of the ridiculous stats that are reported out are almost laughable. For instance, though Kershaw’s ERA on Opening Day games and Bumgarner’s record number of home runs for a pitcher on Opening Day are impressive feats, they are not that relevant to overall outcome of the season. However, the creation of arbitrary measures for Opening Day just proves the significance of the day for the league and all those baseball fans who were quite ready to move past spring training games.

As teams return to their hometowns, it is almost disappointing that there is not a bigger uproar over the day. I would be overjoyed to spend a day at the ballpark with friends and my favorite team (regrettably, the Phillies did not get a home opener) to relish in baseball’s return to center stage.

All being said, Opening Day 2017 had some amazing performances and plenty of enjoyment for those who attended. Baseball is the ultimate American pastime and hopefully more of us will pay attention to the triumphant return of teams to their home stadiums, while basking in the wonderful weather and interacting with the spirited fans. If you ever get the opportunity to go to an Opening Day, I highly recommend it for whatever team you support. But if you’re missing baseball in general, there are always some Phillies games right down the road!

Swat Celebrates NCAA DIII Week

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April 3 through April 9 is NCAA Division III week, a national event celebrating Division III student-athletes and their impact on the campus communities of the colleges and universities that they attend. This week, the athletic programs of Division III institutions around the country will be holding events highlighting accomplishments in athletics, academics, or community service. Swarthmore’s Division III week events will include program focused around athletic competitions, all-campus events, and community service.

The Division III week events at the college have been coordinated by the Student-Athlete Advisory Committee, or SAAC, at the college. Different iterations of the committee also exist at the Conference and Division level. Michael Rubayo ’17, who plays for the men’s basketball team, and Associate Athletic Director Nnenna Akotaobi represent the college in the Centennial Conference SAAC as well as representing the Centennial Conference in the NCAA Division III SAAC.

“Division III Week at Swarthmore is hosted by the Student-Athlete Advisory Committee. It is an opportunity for SAAC to organize events and activities that celebrate the student-athlete community, thank the support staff that make their participation in sport possible, and engage in service projects that live out the Division III and Swarthmore mission,” Akotaobi explained.

Division III athletics does not traditionally have the widespread viewership or fanbases of athletics in other Divisions. In response to this, Division III week was created by the NCAA Division III administration in order to highlight the the achievements of Division III student-athletes and their role in their campus communities.

“Division III within the NCAA is the only division that doesn’t [allocate] any money for the schools to play sports. And so maybe five, six years ago, the Division III administration in Indianapolis decided to put together Division III week to celebrate why the Division III student-athletes chose to play at the Division III level,” said Rubayo.

“DIII Week is a nationwide celebration of the NCAA’s largest Division with over 180,000 student-athletes, including the approximately 450 students who participate in intercollegiate athletics at Swarthmore. This annual celebration is now in its sixth year. During the week-long celebration, Swarthmore and its divisional peers are able to showcase the philosophy of Division III and the things that make our Division and student-athletes unique,” said Akotaobi.

The difference between DIII athletics and DI athletics may be exacerbated on Swarthmore’s campus, where academics are a serious and time-consuming part of every student’s life. So, student attendance at athletic competitions is not always high. Before her career in athletic administration, Akotaobi was herself a DI athlete, having an impressive basketball career at the University of Denver. After beginning a career in DIII athletic administration, Akotaobi gained a unique perspective on the differences between the collegiate experiences of DI and DIII student athletes.

Division III provides many more opportunities for balance than I had as a Division I student-athlete. I had an incredible undergraduate experience, and I was quite fortunate to have participated in a sport and receive an athletic scholarship, but my obligations for four years were limited in scope. My priorities were primarily my academic work and my team,” said Akotaobi.

Although many student-athletes at Swarthmore dedicate substantial time and work to their sport, often including two-hour practices six days a week, the college’s academics are quite demanding across the board. Student-athletes at the college are given the space to and encouraged to pursue their other influences through the wide variety of clubs, groups, and extracurricular activities that can be found at the college.

“In many ways, I envy the experiences of the student-athletes at Swarthmore who are able to compete in their sport at a high level while being fully engaged in campus life. They explore their passions outside of their respective playing arenas, and enjoy opportunities to study abroad, engage in research and other academic pursuits outside of the classroom, hold membership in clubs and organizations, pursue employment and internships, and immerse themselves in the social life of the College,” said Akotaobi. “Many of these things were not a part of my collegiate experience. Division III Week is a great way to honor multidimensional students who participate in athletics on this campus while following their other passions and interests.”

Rubayo concurred, noting that student-athletes at the college take part in a variety of campus groups and activities, allowing sports to be a facet of, instead of the whole of, their identities.

“We like to enjoy more than just sports. We love sports, but it’s just a part of us, it doesn’t necessarily define us. You’ll see that with, on our campus, a lot of athletes in a cappella groups, RnM, doing all sorts of stuff – orchestra, all these different clubs around campus,” said Rubayo.

The events planned for Division III week at the college include social media takeovers, food offered before or during sports games, an all campus dodgeball tournament, and several service events. This programming was chosen to allow students to showcase their athletic achievements, increase student engagement with Swat sports, and allow student-athletes to give back to their campus community.

“There’s three D’s in Division III which are the three main principles: discover, develop, and dedicate. So, it’s the idea of highlighting what we do and sort of apply those principles. Discover what we do beyond the field, the court, but also what we do on it. Develop the idea of a growing community and try to highlight that we’re more than just student athletes, we’re students first, that’s a big thing in Division III. And then show how dedicated we are, not just on the field, on the court, but in the classroom, in the orchestra pit, on the dance floor,” said Rubayo.

Akotaobi explained that the various events each have different roles in fulfilling the mission of DIII week, as outlined by SAAC and the NCAA.

“The social events are an opportunity for both students and student-athletes to come together in fellowship and build community. The service activities like the Sharples Takeover and the Youth Sports Clinic are integral to SAAC’s mission and their stated purpose of ‘Cultivate[ing] and strengthen[ing] relationships between the athletic community and the campus community…’. The social media takeovers are a nice way for student-athletes to showcase their daily lives,” said Akotaobi.

The food events include an ice cream stand at the women’s lacrosse game on Wednesday in partnership with the President’s Office, as well as a barbeque cookout that will be held during the baseball games this Saturday.

The service events include student-athletes helping to serve food in Sharples on Monday, fundraising for the Special Olympics throughout the week, and student-athletes teaching local children their sports on Sunday.

“DIII itself sponsors the Special Olympics, so we’re gonna be raising money all week for Special Olympics at all of our events. Sunday we’re doing a Youth in Sports day, so we’ve invited kindergarteners through sixth graders from around the region to come hang out for free for two, two and a half hours with the student-athletes and they’re gonna give them an introduction to their sport and just have some fun,” said Rubayo.

In addition to the Youth in Sports day and baseball barbeque cookout this weekend, students have this Friday’s all campus five-on-five dodgeball tournament to look forward to. With community events like those during DIII Week, the emergence of dominant teams including women’s soccer, men’s basketball, and men’s swimming, athletics at the college appear to be rising to a more integral position in campus culture.


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