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Peace and conflict studies gains regular major

in News by

On Oct. 13, following a unanimous vote by the faculty, the college approved a regular major in peace and conflict studies.

The major requires eight credits in PCS, and the minor requires five credits, according to an email sent by PCS program coordinator Lee Smithey to the campus community. All majors and minors will be required to take Introduction to peace and conflict studies, and majors will also have to take a senior seminar. Honors majors will take three honors preparations in PCS and 1 in their respective honors minor, and have the option of writing a 1 or 2 credit thesis. Honors minors will take one honors preparation in PCS and three in their respective honors major.

In 1888, the college offered its first peace and conflict studies course entitled “Elements of International Law with special attention to the important subjects of Peace and Arbitration,” according to a blog post on the college’s website. This was the first peace and conflict studies course in higher education. The college’s interdisciplinary peace and conflict studies program was established in 1991.

According to provost Tom Stephenson, the peace and conflict studies program submitted a proposal which he reviewed with the curriculum committee before sending it to the entire faculty for a vote. Criteria for approving the major include a history of stable enrollment, the existence of a regularized special major, and adequate staffing.

Environmental studies went through the same process and was approved last year to become regular major.

PCS has had a regularized special major for many years, according to Smithey, who thinks the regular major will benefit students.

“A regular major allows us to create a cohort experience since all majors will follow the same set of requirements,” he said in an email. “We are also adding a senior seminar, which will scaffold the learning experience and help students integrate knowledge across their course of studies.”

That said, Smithey thinks the program has always been strong.

“If I think back over the time I have been at the college, we have always had solid student participation in the program, and virtually no turnover in the faculty who serve on the program’s steering committee,” Smithey said. “The arrival of professor [Sa’ed] Atshan and his excellent teaching skills has meant that we can consistently offer a core of peace and conflict studies courses to accompany the dynamic range of eligible courses offered by departments across campus.”

Stephenson agreed, adding that professor Sa’ed Atshan’s arrival as a faculty member concentrating in peace and conflict studies galvanized students in the program.

“[The program] really took off about three years ago,” said Stephenson. “The numbers started to increase pretty dramatically then, and the level of student energy significantly increased when professor Atshan joined the program.”

While there were six PCS majors and minors in the class of 2010, there were ten in the class of 2017, 19 in the class of 2018, and 28 in the class of 2019, according to provost Stephenson and the PCS major proposal. Atshan said that this year, his Introduction to peace and conflict studies class started with 76 students enrolled and his Israeli-Palestinian Conflict class started with 55 students. Stephenson said this increase was due to a wider array of offerings and more affiliated faculty.

“The program was existing on the efforts of one halftime person for a long time,” Stephenson said. “Professor Smithey had been the only person who had any formal affiliation with the program for a long, long time, and then we assigned more faculty to the program and then it suddenly took off.”

Atshan believes that the regularized major will increase awareness about the program.

“I think there’s something psychological when students see ‘special’; they often will associate that with increased bureaucracy and red tape,” said Atshan. “I think removing that ‘special’ from the title and being regularized and mainstream will create more awareness among the student body … and it will help us, I think, structure the program and normalize it across the student body even further.”

Michael Nafziger ’18, a PCS special major, echoed Atshan’s ideas.

“The process of trying to get a special major is kind of annoying, and I think more and more students are interested in peace and conflict studies, so it makes sense to streamline  it,”said Nafziger.                                                                                         

“For me, peace and conflict studies courses have done the most out of the courses here at Swat in developing me as a person,” said Nafziger. “My other major is Economics, and that’s very theoretical … peace and conflict studies are a great complement to that, because they’re always about reality, and about real-world issues.”

For Atshan, the work of PCS students has expanded beyond the classroom into real-world issues; he said that two of the four Lang Scholars last year were PCS majors.

Both Nafziger and Louise Rosler ’18, a prospective major, said that their friends and classmates are also excited about the major.

“The people who’ve already declared majors are upset I think, because they wish they could go back and major in this,” said Rosler. “I think that it’s something people here at Swarthmore really value, as a nonviolent approach to conflict.”

The regularized major is proof of the college’s support, and peace and conflict studies seems likely to grow even further in the coming years.

In support of academic freedom

in Opinions/Staff Editorials by

One of our community members, Professor of Peace and Conflict Studies Sa’ed Atshan, has recently come to local and national attention. In brief, Atshan had months ago been invited to give a talk at Friends’ Central School — an elite Quaker college-preparatory school in Greater Philadelphia — at the request of teachers and students who expressed interest in learning about peaceful activism in the Middle East. However, Atshan never received the chance to share his wisdom. Just two days before the scheduled event date of Feb. 10, he was informed that his invitation had been rescinded. We at the Phoenix stand with our professor and support Atshan in sharing his work and extensive knowledge on the Middle East. We condemn the decision of the Friend’s Central School in thwarting a possibility for the valuable discourse sought by their students and faculty members, and in joining a sweepingly large conglomerate of American institutions that silences peace-activist speech.

Some parents complained to the FSC administration about Atshan, who is a queer Palestinian Quaker, simplistically referring to him as “anti-Israel.” Those of us who have taken courses with Professor Atshan know that he explicitly problematizes and rejects such labels. He reminds us that it is important to affirm the fundamental dignity of Palestinians and Israelis. Atshan’s scholarship and activism emphasize the need for equality, coexistence, and peace for all the inhabitants of Israel/Palestine.

A recent Philadelphia Inquirer article also referenced the Pro-Israeli websites who refer to Atshan as a “leader in the Boycott, Divest, Sanction” (BDS) movement against the state of Israel. While he does support nonviolent activism to end the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian Territories, Atshan is not actually a leader in the peaceful BDS movement. Professor Atshan did not even plan to talk about BDS at CFS. He had prepared a hopeful and autobiographical reflection aimed at a teenage audience on the power of pacifism, justice, and love.  Guided by a desire to pacify emotions and ensure sustained donations, the Head of the School, Craig A. Sellers, ultimately called off the talk.

We at the Phoenix, in recognition of the democratic value of free speech, ethical conduct, and proactive dialogue, support Atshan at a time when he is on the receiving end of misinformation and silencing. However, we also want to shine light on the paradox of repression that is occurring in the form of mass support. We stand firmly in solidarity with the 65 students of Friends’ Central School who walked out of a school-wide meeting last Wednesday to protest the talk cancellation. Other students bravely stood and read a statement, and 40 students organized a facilitated conversation to discuss their concerns as a community. FCS has also received countless emails and phone calls from FCS alumni, groups such as Jewish Voice for Peace, Quakers from around the world, and many others, to express their opposition to the cancellation of Atshan’s talk.

Two school teachers involved in initially inviting Atshan to campus — English Teacher Ariel Eure and History Teacher Layla Helwa  — were suspended and put on administrative leave when they supported the students in protest. We find it important to note that both teachers are queer women of color, and have so easily been dismissed and silenced for their peaceful actions. They are banned from school premises, their email accounts have been disabled, and the locks on their doors have been changed. A member of our editorial board witnessed firsthand that students have covered their classroom doors from top to bottom with fluorescent sticky notes with words of encouragement, love, and support.

With the same integrity that we encourage open dialogue, we also acknowledge and respect the decision of both Atshan and these teachers for refusing comment at this moment. Mainstream  media in the United States indeed has the capacity to twist the intentions of words, and for those who embody historically marginalized identities,  fear of speaking on issues that are politically contentious or whose conversations are steered by powerful lobbying and political groups is grounded in the very real possibility of unlawful retribution and violence.

As members of a Quaker institution, we are particularly disappointed in Friends’ Central School for choosing potential monetary support over the Quaker value of tolerance and collaborative decision-making. In a recent email to the CFS community, Sellers acknowledged that, “There was a fundamental breakdown in process. We simply did not approach this very sensitive topic with adequate community dialogue.”

Students visit Israel/Palestine, deepen understanding of conflict

in Campus Journal by

Many Swarthmore students spend much of their time in classes that help them become intellectually immersed in a variety of complex social, political, and cultural worlds.  Rarely, though, are these students able to experience firsthand any of the situations they study.

But over winter break, students from Visiting Assistant Professor of Peace & Confict Studies Sa’ed Atshan’s Israeli-Palestinian Conflict course had the opportunity to spend ten days on the ground in Israel/Palestine, witnessing for themselves the reality of what they had spent the last semester reading and talking about.

The course, part of the peace and conflict studies program and cross-listed with political science and Islamic studies, covered the historical context of the conflict and how that history informs the current situation.  Atshan, who joined Swarthmore’s faculty this fall only nine years after graduating from the college, said that he chose to teach this course for a number of reasons.  On the one hand, the subject matter is personal to him, given that he grew up in the Palestinian city of Ramallah, located in the central West Bank.

But Atshan emphasized that the conflict is important for all American citizens to understand, because of the United States’ involvement with Israel.  Atshan cited the fact that Israel has received more money in U.S. aid than sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean combined, and stressed the importance of U.S. citizens understanding where that money is going and what it is doing.

While the coursework itself was an in-depth exploration of the conflict, the trip was, for many students, a profound experience that expanded their understanding of the conflict far beyond their readings and discussions.

“It’s just a topic that I wouldn’t be able to fully, fully grasp unless I was able to see it for myself and see everything I learned in class in reality,” said Therese Ton ’19.

Colin Salama ’19, who said he took the course in order to gain a better understanding of a pressing current political issue, agreed that meeting people in the area was a very different experience from reading about them.

“I think the most shocking for me personally, was not even the humanitarian workers … the most interesting for me were just the regular people who were just dealing with the situations they had,” Salama noted.

Atshan organized the trip so that students would have experiences like Salama described, and witness the subject of their studies as it exists in the real world.

“In the natural sciences we do labs, we study this theory and then put it into practice.  But in the humanities and social sciences we need more of those experiences,” he pointed out.

Much of the group’s travelling on the trip was facilitated by the tour operator Siraj Center, which, according to its website, emphasizes “the development of responsible tourism, re-branding Palestine as a destination for experiential travel and human connection.”

The group spent the first two days of their trip in Jerusalem, and split the rest of the time between the West Bank and Israel proper. They also had the opportunity to spend a couple of nights on homestays with Palestinian Christian families in Bethlehem.

Professor of Religion Yvonne Chireau chaperoned the trip.  Though Atshan himself was unable to join his students for their travels, the students were able to visit their professor’s high school, the Ramallah Friends School, during their time there.  Atshan stressed that he wanted students to visit the Quaker school because of Swarthmore’s own Quaker roots.

Each day of their trip brought a packed schedule of meetings with new people, all of them Israeli or Palestinian non-violent human rights or social justice activists.  Students also visited important sites, such as the Holocaust museum.

Killian McGinnis ’19 emphasized the importance of hearing about and engaging with the personal experiences of people living in the occupied territories.

“There’s this sense of strength and resilience that was really shocking,” McGinnis noted.

Other students also remarked on the resilience of Palestinians in occupied territories, who carry on their lives in spite of daily violence and deprivation of resources.

“Some of these little things were just amazing to see,” Salama reflected.

Multiple students who went on the trip cited one woman’s story as particularly jarring and affecting.  The woman lived in Nabi Saleh, a Palestinian village whose water supply was taken over by an Israeli settlement a few years ago.  A group of Nabi Saleh residents have since committed to weekly non-violent protests against the Israeli settlements, and are routinely tear-gassed at these protests.  The woman they spoke to told the students about the death of her close relative, who was shot in the head with a tear gas cannister and killed on the spot.

In recounting this story, Ton noted the strangeness of hearing it, and being shown a video of the events, all while sitting in this woman’s living room with her children nearby.  Other students echoed this sentiment, noting the powerful emotional effect of hearing violent and heartbreaking stories directly from the people who experienced them.

Kate Dunbar ’18 pointed out that the trip was a difficult and frustrating experience in a number of ways, and that making sense of their positionality there was challenging.

“Your place is to be a student and just a student … being there as an American is hard,” she noted. Many students had similar feelings about the trip, but they also found it inspiring.

“The trip was super intense, but it was very humanizing of the conflict,” said McGinnis.

According to Atshan, all the students seemed glad to have gone on the trip.  He collected evaluations of the trip from each of the students, and said that they were, across the board, very positive reports.  He described the students’ testimonials as “beautiful, heartwarming, and deeply, deeply moving.”

“There were a lot of instances when I was impressed by the hospitality with which we were met and how grateful people were that we were there to listen to what they have to say,” McGinnis recalled.

Salama also pointed out the eagerness with which the activists they met talked to the students.

“A lot of the people that we met, they told us [that] more than anything they wanted people to hear their stories.  They didn’t want to just get lost in the media stories [that portray Palestinians in negative light],” Salama said.

In the spirit of spreading stories, the group will be giving a presentation on the trip this coming Monday.  Some students spoke of wanting to continue to engage with the conflict in various other ways.  Ton noted that some students may be working on a photo exhibition, and that some may engage with the group Students for Justice in Palestine.

Though some of the students did feel motivated to take some kind of action in light of their experience on the trip, Dunbar noted that they should do so with caution.

“We don’t want to take ownership of other people’s pain and suffering,” she asserted.  She said that a definite next step for her personally will be to continue to learn and stay informed about the conflict.

The trip was partially funded by the Lang Center and the president’s office, but a majority of the funds came from a private anonymous donor.  Because of this funding, all 20 students were able to go on the trip cost-free.  Students who went on the trip and subsequently wrote a paper about their experience are receiving .5 credits in the spring semester for doing so.

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